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Title: Polysulfonates derived from metal thiolate complexes as inhibitors of HIV-1 and various other enveloped viruses in vitro
Authors: Bergstrom, Donald E ×
Lin, Xiaoping
Wood, Troy D
Witvrouw, Myriam
Ikeda, Satoru
Andrei, Graciela
Snoeck, Robert
Schols, Dominique
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: May-2002
Series Title: Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy vol:13 issue:3 pages:185-95
Abstract: Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate reacts with the metal ions Pd(II), Pt(II), Ag(I), Cd(II) and Zn(II) to yield complexes containing multiple anionic sulfonate sites. On the basis of spectroscopic and other analytical data the complexes were assigned the tentative molecular formulas: Pd6(SCH2CH2SO3Na)12, Ptn(SCH2CH2SO3Na)2n+2, Agn(SCH2CH2SO3Na)n, Na2Zn4(SCH2CH2SO3Na)10, and Na2Cd4(SCH2CH2SO3Na)10. The complexes displayed a variety of differences in activity towards DNA and RNA viruses. The platinum complex showed no measurable cytotoxicity and exhibited a spectrum of antiviral activity resembling that of dextran sulfate. It was active against HIV-1 and HIV-2, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2), thymidine kinase-deficient HSV-1, human cytomegalovirus, vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), influenza A virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Sindbis virus, Junin virus and Tacaribe virus. The palladium complex also showed no measurable cytotoxicity, but was completely inactive against most viruses, with one notable exception: both HIV-1 and HIV-2 were substantially inhibited by the palladium complex. The silver complex showed significantly less antiviral activity and greater cytotoxicity than the platinum complex but did show some selectivity against RSV. The zinc complex showed only modest activity against VSV, RSV, Junin virus, and Tacaribe virus, and like the silver compound was more cytotoxic than either the platinum or palladium complex. The cadmium complex was toxic to all of the cell lines used for in vitro evaluation of antiviral activity. Based on these results, the platinum and palladium compounds appear to be promising candidates for further studies, that is, as vaginal microbicides in the prevention of genital HIV and/or HSV transmission.
ISSN: 0956-3202
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Molecular Virology and Gene Therapy
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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