A cause-effect relation between the synthesis and release of prostaglandins and fibrinolytic activation has been suggested. We have reinvestigated this relation in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study with cyclooxygenase inhibitors (aspirin and indomethacin) and a thromboxane synthase inhibitor (dazoxiben) in nine healthy volunteers. Euglobulin fibrinolytic activity (EFA) and tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen level (t-PA:Ag) were studied before and after 10 min of venous occlusion. Despite effective suppression of prostaglandin synthesis by aspirin and indomethacin and enhanced prostacyclin formation by dazoxiben, baseline EFA and t-PA:Ag levels did not significantly change within 2 hours after ingestion of the different drugs. The release of t-PA by venous occlusion was not altered by any of the drugs. Thus, our study does not support the hypothesis that prostaglandins play a significant role in the modulation of the synthesis or release of t-PA.