The author discusses distance and affinity, continuity and discontinuity of Flemish-Catholic and National Socialist pedagogics for the period up to 1945/55. With regard to some of the central issues of the National Socialist ideology, especially the priority or willpower formation, the ideology of motherhood, and national idiosyncrasies, affinities and elements of continuity were revealed, as regards racism and biologism, however, a distance was kept between the two approaches. In retrospect, i.e. following 1945, these affinities were more or less suppressed, rather, a systematic difference between Catholic and National Socialist pedagogics, as exemplified in the work of EW. FOERSTER, was postulated.