Title: Reduced autobiographical memory specificity and rumination in predicting the course of depression
Authors: Raes, Filip ×
Hermans, Dirk
Williams, J. Mark G
Beyers, Wim
Brunfaut, Els
Eelen, Paul #
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Amer psychological assoc/educational publishing foundation
Series Title: Journal of Abnormal Psychology vol:115 issue:4 pages:699-704
Abstract: Reduced autobiographical memory (AM) specificity is a known vulnerability factor for depression. AM specificity was investigated as a predictor of depression with the Autobiographical Memory Test (J. M. G. Williams & K. Broadbent, 1986). When baseline depression scores were partialed, reduced AM specificity to negative cue words predicted higher levels of depression at 7-month follow-up. Once rumination was taken into account by means of the Rumination on Sadness Scale (M. Conway, P. A. R. Csank, S. L. Holm, & C. K. Blake, 2000), AM specificity no longer predicted depression, suggesting that the predictive value of AM specificity observed in previous studies might be-at least partly-explained as an effect of rumination. Further mediation analyses indeed revealed support for rumination as a mediator of the relation between reduced AM specificity and poor outcome of depression.
ISSN: 0021-843X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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