Title: Personality prototypes in eating disorders based on the Big Five model
Authors: Claes, Laurence ×
Vandereycken, Walter
Luyten, Patrick
Soenens, Bart
Pieters, Guido
Vertommen, Hans #
Issue Date: Aug-2006
Publisher: Guilford Press
Series Title: Journal of Personality Disorders vol:20 issue:4 pages:401-416
Abstract: A three factor model of personality pathology was investigated in a clinical sample of 335 female eating disordered patients. Cluster analysis of the Big Five NEO-FFI scales (Costa & McCrae, 1992) yielded three distinct personality profiles, which were consistent with previous studies: (1) a resilient/high functioning cluster with no clinical elevations on the NEO-FFI scales; (2) an undercontrolled/emotionally dysregulated cluster with elevated scores on the Neuroticism scale and low scores on Conscientiousness and Agreeableness; (3) an overcontrolled/constricted cluster showing high scores on Neuroticism and Conscientiousness and low scores on Openness to Experience. Comparing the three personality prototypes with respect to Axis I and Axis II disorders, resilients reported systematically less clinical and personality problems than both undercontrollers and overcontrollers. Compared to the latter, undercontrollers showed more impulsive personality features and behaviors. Finally, cluster membership was not clearly associated with eating disorder subtypes, suggesting that there is considerable variance in personality features and/or pathology within the various eating disorder categories.
ISSN: 0885-579X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Onderzoeksgroep psychodiagnostiek en psychopathologie (-)
Research Group on Psychotherapy and Psychodynamic psychology (-)
Centre for Developmental Psychology (-)
University Centre Sint Jozef (-)
Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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