Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol:3132 pages:431-445
International conference on logic programming (ICLP) edition:20 location:Saint-Malo, France date:6-10 September 2004
Current literature offers a number of different approaches to what could generally be called "probabilistic logic programming". These are usually based on Horn clauses. Here, we introduce a new formalism, Logic Programs with Annotated Disjunctions, based on disjunctive logic programs. In this formalism, each of the disjuncts in the head of a clause is annotated with a probability. Viewing such a set of probabilistic disjunctive clauses as a probabilistic disjunction of normal logic programs allows us to derive a possible world semantics, more precisely, a probability distribution on the set of all Herbrand interpretations. We demonstrate the strength of this formalism by some examples and compare it to related work.