Title: Hypoxia-inducible factor-2alpha (HIF-2alpha) is involved in the apoptotic response to hypoglycemia but not to hypoxia
Authors: Brusselmans, K ×
Bono, F
Maxwell, P
Dor, Y
Dewerchin, Mieke
Collen, Desire
Herbert, J M
Carmeliet, Peter #
Issue Date: Oct-2001
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:276 issue:42 pages:39192-6
Abstract: Deprivation of oxygen (hypoxia) and/or glucose (hypoglycemia) represents a serious stress that affects cellular survival. The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), which has been implicated in the cellular response to hypoxia (Semenza, G. L. (1999) Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 15, 551-578), mediates apoptosis during hypoxia (Halterman, M. W., Miller, C. C., and Federoff, H. J. (1999) J. Neurosci. 19, 6818-6824 and Carmeliet, P., Dor, Y., Herbert, J. M., Fukumura, D., Brusselmans, K., Dewerchin, M., Neeman, M., Bono, F., Abramovitch, R., Maxwell, P., Koch, C. J., Ratcliffe, P., Moons, L., Jain, R. K., Collen, D., and Keshet, E. (1998) Nature 394, 485-490), but the function of its homologue HIF-2alpha remains unknown. Therefore, the role of HIF-2alpha in cellular survival was studied by targeted inactivation of the HIF-2alpha gene (HIF-2alpha(-/-)) in murine embryonic stem (ES) cells. In contrast to HIF-1alpha deficiency, loss of HIF-2alpha did not protect ES cells against apoptosis during hypoxia. Both HIF-1alpha(-/-) and HIF-2alpha(-/-) ES cells were, however, resistant to apoptosis in response to hypoglycemia. When co-cultured with wild type ES cells, HIF-2alpha(-/-) ES cells became rapidly and progressively enriched in hypoglycemia but not in hypoxia. Thus, HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha may have distinct roles in responses to environmental stress, and despite its name, HIF-2alpha may be more important in the survival response to environmental variables other than the level of oxygen.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Vascular Metabolism (VIB-KU Leuven Centre for Cancer Biology) (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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