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Title: Comparative thrombolytic properties of tissue-type plasminogen activator and of a plasminogen activator inhibitor-1-resistant glycosylation variant, in a combined arterial and venous thrombosis model in the dog
Authors: Collen, Desire ×
Stassen, Jean-Marie
Yasuda, T
Refino, C
Paoni, N
Keyt, B
Roskams, Tania
Guerrero, J L
Lijnen, Roger
Gold, H K #
Issue Date: Jul-1994
Series Title: Thrombosis and haemostasis vol:72 issue:1 pages:98-104
Abstract: rt-PA-K, a variant of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) with substitution of amino acids 296 to 299 with alanine (KHRR296-299AAAA) has increased fibrin-specificity and reduced sensitivity to plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; rt-PA-T, with threonine 103 replaced by asparagine has an additional glycosylation site and a reduced clearance; and rt-PA-N, with asparagine 117 mutagenized to glutamine lacks the high mannose carbohydrate side chain. We have investigated whether combination of these properties in a single molecule might yield an improved thrombolytic agent. The thrombolytic potency and fibrin-specificity of the combination mutant rt-PA-TNK was compared with that of rt-PA in a combined venous whole blood clot model and platelet-rich arterial eversion graft thrombosis model in dogs given intravenous heparin and aspirin. Infusion of 0.125 to 1.0 mg/kg over 60 min in groups of 4 to 5 dogs produced dose-dependent fibrin-specific venous clot lysis. The thrombolytic potency (percent lysis per mg compound administered per kg body weight) of rt-PA-TNK was significantly higher than that of rt-PA as evidenced by a higher maximal rate of lysis of 480 +/- 100% versus 140 +/- 40% within the 2 h observation period per mg of compound administered per kg body weight (mean +/- SEM, p = 0.004) and a significantly lower dose of 0.08 +/- 0.01 versus 0.21 +/- 0.04 mg/kg body weight at which the maximal rate of lysis was obtained (p = 0.004).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0340-6245
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Translational Cell & Tissue Research
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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