In Trypanosoma brucei brucei, an invariant surface glycoprotein of molecular weight 75 kDa (ISG75) is uniformly distributed over the surface of a trypanosome and is specific for bloodstream-form parasites. For the other taxa of the Trypanozoon subgenus no data about this surface molecule are available. Therefore, we investigated the ISG75 in the genomes of several pathogenic Trypanozoon by Southern blot, PCR and RT-PCR and sequence analysis. This study reveals that (i) all members of the Trypanozoon subgenus, i.e. T. b. brucei, T. b. gambiense, T. b. rhodesiense, T. evansi and T. equiperdum, harbour ISG75 as multiple gene copies with at least 4-16 copies per genome; (ii) ISG75 gDNA and cDNA sequences are distributed in 2 groups that share at least 75% and 77% identity respectively; (iii) sequences from both groups are transcribed in all species and subspecies of the Trypanozoon subgenus; (iv) the main differences between group I and group II are located in the variable region at the amino-terminus of the putative proteins; (v) however, all the sequences in both groups have some well-conserved features, such as the cysteine residues, an amino-terminal cleavable signal peptide, a single alpha-helix transmembrane domain and a cytoplasmic domain at the carboxy-terminus.