Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin vol:44 issue:12 pages:2331-4
6-Chloropurine arabinoside (3a) was obtained by treatment of the 2'-O-acetylated congener (2) with ammonia in methanol. The 3',5'-di-O-tritylated riboside (6) was allowed to react with diethylaminosulfur trifluoride (DAST) in the presence of pyridine to give the 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoroarabinoside (7), from which 6-chloro-9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)purine (3b) was obtained. The antiviral effects of 3a and 3b were assayed against several DNA and RNA viruses. Only 3a displayed potent activity against varicella-zoster virus (VZV). This antiviral activity was dependent on phosphorylation by the VZV-induced thymidine kinase (TK). Compound 3a showed moderate activity against other DNA viruses, herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2), and vaccinia virus. They were equally active against TK- and TK+ strains of HSV-1, which suggests that the HSV-1-encoded TK does not play a role in the anti-HSV-1 activity. No activity was noted with any of the compounds against various RNA viruses, including human immunodeficiency virus, at subtoxic concentrations.