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Title: Broad-spectrum antiviral activity and mechanism of antiviral action of the fluoroquinolone derivative K-12
Authors: Witvrouw, Myriam ×
Daelemans, Dirk
Pannecouque, Christophe
Neyts, Johan
Andrei, Graciela
Snoeck, Robert
Vandamme, Anne-Mieke
Balzarini, Jan
Desmyter, Jan
Baba, M
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Sep-1998
Series Title: Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy vol:9 issue:5 pages:403-411
Abstract: The fluoroquinolone derivatives have been shown to inhibit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication at the transcriptional level. We confirmed the anti-HIV activity of the most potent congener, 8-difluoromethoxy-1-ethyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-7-[4-(2- methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]-4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid (K-12), in both acutely and chronically infected cells. K-12 was active against different strains of HIV-1 (including AZT- and ritonavir-resistant HIV-1 strains), HIV-2 and simian immunodeficiency virus, in MT-4, CEM, C8166 and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In all of these antiviral assay systems, K-12 showed a similar activity (EC50 0.2-0.6 microM). K-12 inhibited Moloney murine sarcoma virus-induced transformation of C3H/3T3 cells with an EC50 of 6.9 microM. Also, K-12 proved inhibitory to herpesvirus saimiri, human cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster virus and herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (in order of decreasing sensitivity), but was not inhibitory (at subtoxic concentrations) to human herpesvirus type 8 (as evaluated in BCBL-1 cells), vaccinia virus, Sindbis virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, respiratory syncytial virus, Coxsackie virus, Punta Toro virus, parainfluenza virus or reovirus. Time-of-addition experiments and quantitative transactivation bioassays indicated that K-12 inhibits the Tat-mediated transactivation process in HIV-infected cells.
ISSN: 0956-3202
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology (Rega Institute)
Molecular Virology and Gene Therapy
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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