Title: Influence of exogenous and endogenous tissue-type plasminogen activator on the lysability of clots in a plasma milieu in vitro
Authors: Zamarron, C ×
Lijnen, Roger
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Aug-1984
Series Title: Thrombosis research vol:35 issue:3 pages:335-45
Abstract: The fibrinolytic potential of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) either incorporated in a clot (endogenous) or added to the surrounding plasma (exogenous), was studied in an in vitro system consisting of 125I-labeled human plasma clots (200 microliters) immersed in human plasma (2 ml). Clot lysis was measured as a function of endogenous t-PA concentration (in the absence of added exogenous t-PA), as a function of exogenous t-PA concentration (without added endogenous t-PA) and as a function of the same concentration of both endogenous and exogenous t-PA. Equivalent clot lysis was obtained with a 2 to 4 times lower concentration of endogenous t-PA as compared to exogenous t-PA, corresponding to a 20 to 40 times smaller total amount of endogenous versus exogenous t-PA. Fifty percent lysis in 5 hrs was obtained with about 5 IU/ml of endogenous t-PA or with 10 IU/ml of exogenous t-PA. The presence of both exogenous (10 IU/ml) and endogenous (5 IU/ml) t-PA resulted in 50 percent lysis in 1.5 hrs, indicating that t-PA incorporated in a thrombus contributes significantly to its lysis by exogenous t-PA. Similar results were obtained with plasma obtained after 10 min of venous occlusion in seven healthy subjects. Spontaneous clot lysis within 5 hrs was only observed with post-occlusion clots in pre- or post- occlusion plasma in two subjects in whom the t-PA level rose to 10-15 IU t-PA/ml. In the five other subjects with post-occlusion t-PA levels below 2 IU/ml, no clot lysis was observed within 24 hrs. The influence of the fast-acting inhibitor of t-PA on clot lysability by endogenous or exogenous t-PA was investigated by immersing clots prepared from normal or inhibitor-rich plasma (endogenous inhibitor) in normal or inhibitor-rich plasma (exogenous inhibitor). Exogenous t-PA inhibitor efficiently neutralizes clot lysis by both exogenous and endogenous t-PA. Endogenous t-PA inhibitor, however, efficiently neutralizes endogenous t-PA but has little influence on clot lysis by exogenous t-PA. These findings indicate that t-PA inhibitor is not concentrated into a clot and that t-PA inhibitor in plasma efficiently neutralizes t-PA incorporated in a clot. alpha 2-Antiplasmin depleted plasma clots were more susceptible to lysis by both endogenous and exogenous t-PA than normal clots.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
ISSN: 0049-3848
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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