European Journal of Immunology vol:18 issue:7 pages:1009-14
From the serum of 10 allergic subjects we have prepared IgG antibodies recognizing idiotopes carried by specific antibodies to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) allergens, and studied cross-reactivity of anti-Dpt IgG bystander and antigen-binding site-associated idiotopes by latex agglutination assays. Idiotopes of specific anti-Dpt IgE were evaluated by radioimmunoassays. Depending on the assay, a binding or inhibition of more than 50%, as compared to the reactivity of specific antibodies with the corresponding anti-idiotypic (anti-Id) IgG, was considered significant. Cross-reactivity of antigen-binding site-associated idiotopes attained a mean proportion of 6/10 for IgG and 9.6/10 for IgE. By contrast, bystander idiotopes cross-reacted only occasionally with a mean proportion of 2/10 for both IgG and IgE antibodies. Anti-Id antibodies from two subjects have been isolated by adsorption on insolubilized anti-Dpt antibodies of the corresponding patient. Using this purified material we have confirmed that (a) the majority of anti-Id antibodies carry an "internal image" of the initial antigen and compete in a dose-dependent manner with Dpt allergens for the binding to the anti-Dpt antibodies and (b) paratope-associated idiotopes of anti-Dpt antibodies are shared by unrelated individuals.