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Title: Activation of plasminogen by pro-urokinase. I. Mechanism
Authors: Lijnen, Roger ×
Zamarron, C
Blaber, M
Winkler, M E
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jan-1986
Publisher: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:261 issue:3 pages:1253-8
Abstract: The mechanism of the activation of plasminogen by recombinant pro-urokinase (Rec-pro-UK), obtained by expression of the human pro-urokinase gene in Escherichia coli, was investigated in purified systems. In mixtures of Rec-pro-UK and plasminogen, both active urokinase and plasmin are quickly generated. Addition of plasmin inhibitors (aprotinin or alpha 2-antiplasmin) abolishes the conversion of Rec-pro-UK to urokinase but not the activation of plasminogen to plasmin, suggesting that Rec-pro-UK activates plasminogen directly. Human plasma competitively inhibits the activation of plasminogen by pro-urokinase with a Ki of 0.2% (v/v). This explains the relative stability of Rec-pro-UK in plasma and the lack of activation of the plasma fibrinolytic system in the absence of fibrin. The competitive inhibition by plasma is abolished by the addition of CNBr-digested fibrinogen although Rec-pro-UK has no specific affinity for fibrin. These findings suggest that the fibrin specificity of the activation of plasminogen by pro-urokinase is due to neutralization by fibrin of the competitive inhibition exerted by plasma and not to fibrin-enhanced activation of plasminogen.
URI: 
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Vesalius Research Centre (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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