Differential Involvement of ERK2 and p38 in platelet adhesion to collagen
Mazharian, Alexandra Roger, Séverine Maurice, Pascal Berrou, Eliane Popoff, Michel R Hoylaerts, Marc Fauvel-Lafeve, Françoise Bonnefoy, Arnaud Bryckaert, Marijke # ×
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:280 issue:28 pages:26002-26010
We investigated the role of two MAP kinases, ERK2 and p38, in platelet adhesion and spreading over collagen matrix in static and blood flow conditions. P38 was involved in collagen-induced platelet adhesion and spreading in static adhesion conditions, whereas ERK2 was not. In blood flow conditions, with shear rates of 300 or 1500 s(-1), ERK2 and p38 displayed differential involvement in platelet adhesion, depending on the presence or absence of the von Willebrand factor (vWF). Low collagen coverage densities (0.04 microg/cm2) did not support vWF binding. During perfusions over this surface, platelet adhesion was not affected by the inhibition of ERK2 phosphorylation by PD 98059. However, abolishing p38 activation by SB 203580 treatment reduced platelet adhesion by 67 +/- 9% at 300 s(-1) and 56 +/- 2% at 1500 s(-1). In these conditions, the p38 activity required for platelet adhesion depends on the alpha2beta1 collagen receptor. At higher collagen coverage densities (0.8 microg/cm2) supporting vWF binding, the inhibition of ERK2 activity by PD 98059 decreased adhesion by 47 +/- 6% at 300 s(-1) and 72 +/- 3% at 1500 s(-1), whereas p38 inhibition had only a small effect. The ERK2 activity required for platelet adhesion was dependent on the interaction of vWF with GPIb. In conclusion, ERK2 and p38 have complementary effects in the control of platelet adhesion to collagen in a shear stress-dependent manner.