Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease vol:24 issue:4 pages:477-92
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) type I are mostly due to a deficient phosphomannomutase activity, called CDG Ia. CDG IIa (mutations in the MGAT2 gene) results from a deficient activity of the Golgi enzyme N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II. CDG Ia patients predominantly have a thrombotic tendency, whereas our CDG IIa patient has an increased bleeding tendency, despite similar coagulation factor abnormalities in both types. We have investigated whether abnormally glycosylated platelet membrane glycoproteins are involved in the haemostatic complications of both CDG groups. In flow cytometry, the binding of Ricinus communis lectin (reactive with beta-galactose primarily) to control platelets increased after neuraminidase treatment: this increase was smaller (p < 0.01) in CDG Ia patients (3.1 +/- 0.08 times) than in control platelets (8.5 +/- 1.8 times) and did not occur in the CDG IIa patient. Platelet-rich plasma from CDG Ia patients, but not a CDG IIa patient. aggregated spontaneously and gel-filtered platelets from CDG Ia patients agglutinated at very low concentrations of ristocetin, independently of von Willebrand factor (vWF). Accordingly, in stirred whole blood, the rate of single platelet disappearance of CDG Ia patients was twice that of control platelets. In contrast, perfusion of whole anticoagulated blood of the CDG IIa patient over collagen yielded markedly decreased platelet adherence to collagen at shear rates involving glycoprotein (GP) Ib-vWF interactions. Thus, abnormal glycosylation of platelet glycoproteins in CDG Ia enhances nonspecific platelet interactions, in agreement with a thrombotic tendency. The reduced GP Ib-mediated platelet reactivity with vessel wall components in the CDG IIa patient under flow conditions provides a basis for his bleeding tendency.