Journal of Thrombosis & Haemostasis vol:2 issue:1 pages:77-84
Venous thromboembolic disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, necessitating antithrombotic therapy. A human monoclonal anti-factor (F)VIII antibody, LCL-mAb-LE2E9, produced by a lymphoblastoid cell line derived from a hemophilia A patient with inhibitor to wild-type but not mutant self FVIII, was previously reported to achieve efficient inhibition of thrombosis in an experimental vena cava thrombosis model in mice. Here, the antithrombotic efficacy of a recombinant DNA-derived version of this anti-FVIII antibody (rec-mAb-LE2E9) was tested in mice which carry a type II heparin binding site antithrombin deficiency mutation and display spontaneous chronic thrombosis in several sites including the penile vein of sexually active males. The recombinant anti-FVIII antibody (100 microg, repeated after 3 days) prevented thrombotic priapism in all treated males, whereas all control animals treated with saline (group of four animals) developed priapism within 6 days after mating (P < 0.05 for treated vs. saline). The rec-mAb-LE2E9 and the original LCL-mAb-LE2E9 were equally effective (five and seven males/group, respectively). These results confirm that FVIII inhibition represents a potent antithrombotic strategy, and show that both LCL-mAb-LE2E9 and rec-mAb-LE2E9 efficiently prevent thrombosis in a physiological model representative of thrombosis in patients with a severe prothrombotic risk.