Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
European Journal of Biochemistry vol:185 issue:1 pages:141-9
Equimolar mixtures of recombinant single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (rscu-PA) and a murine monoclonal antibody (MA-15C5) directed against fragment-D dimer of human cross-linked fibrin were conjugated, using the cross-linking agent N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate (PySSProSu). The conjugate (rscu-PA/MA-15C5), purified by immunoadsorption on a urokinase antibody and affinity chromatography on fibrin fragment-D dimer with a yield of 42 +/- 15% (mean +/- SD, n = 3), contained an average of 1.2 +/- 0.3 IgG molecules/rscu-PA molecule. On non-reduced SDS/PAGE it migrated as a main band with apparent Mr of 200,000. Specific amidolytic activities expressed/mass of u-PA were less than 250 IU/mg for rscu-PA/MA-15C5 and rscu-PA, 140,000 +/- 13,000 IU/mg and 100,000 +/- 17,000 IU/mg for their plasmin-generated two chain derivatives rtcu-PA/MA-15C5 and rtcu-PA respectively. Specific activities on fibrin plates were 100,000 +/- 24,000 IU/mg and 130,000 +/- 49,000 IU/mg for rscu-PA/MA-15C5 and rtcu-PA/MA-15C5 respectively, as compared to 180,000 +/- 15,000 IU/mg for both rscu-PA and rtcu-PA. Activation of plasminogen with rscu-PA/MA-15C5 (Km = 0.37 +/- 0.16 microM, k2 = 0.0063 +/- 0.0030 s-1 or rtcu-PA/MA-15C5 (Km = 19 +/- 3.0 microM, k2 = 2.0 +/- 0.10 s-1) in purified systems followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with Km and k2 values comparable to those of rscu-PA and rtcu-PA. In an in vitro system composed of a 125I-fibrin-labeled whole human plasma clot immersed in citrated human plasma, dose- and time-dependent lysis was obtained; 50% lysis in 2 h required 1.4 microgram/ml of rscu-PA or 0.33 microgram/ml of rtcu-PA, but only 0.22 microgram u-PA/ml of rscu-PA/MA-15C5 or 0.15 microgram u-PA/ml of rtcu-PA/MA-15C5. Addition of purified fragment-D dimer reversed the increased fibrinolytic potency of rscu-PA/MA-15C5 in a concentration-dependent way (50% inhibition at 7.2 micrograms fragment-D dimer/ml). Thus, conjugation of u-PA moieties with the fibrin-specific antibody MA-15C5 targets the plasminogen activator to the clot, resulting in a significant increase of their fibrinolytic potencies as compared to their unconjugated counterparts: 6.4-fold for rscu-PA and 2.2-fold for rtcu-PA.