Title: A comparison of NSP-reticulons with conventional neuroendocrine markers in immunophenotyping of lung cancers
Authors: Senden, N H ×
Timmer, E D
de Bruïne, A
Wagenaar, S S
Van de Velde, H J
Roebroek, Anton
Van de Ven, Willem
Broers, J L
Ramaekers, F C #
Issue Date: Aug-1997
Series Title: Journal of Pathology vol:182 issue:1 pages:13-21
Abstract: Neuroendocrine-specific protein (NSP)-reticulons are endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein complexes, which have been identified as markers for neuroendocrine differentiation. In this study, the expression of two members of the family of NSP-reticulons, NSP-A and NSP-C, have been investigated in different types of lung cancer and compared with the expression patterns of five conventional neuroendocrine markers, the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), synaptophysin, chromogranin A, Leu-7, and neurofilament proteins. NSP-A and NSP-C antibodies were reactive with most carcinoid tumour and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cases, while atypical carcinoid tumours showed a variable expression. In the total group of neuroendocrine tumours, a high concordance of expression was found between NSP-A and NSP-C, while their expression correlated well with NCAM and synaptophysin positivity. Chromogranin A, Leu-7, and neurofilament proteins were shown to be expressed to a limited extent in these neuroendocrine tumours. In a selected group of non-SCLCs known to exhibit neuroendocrine features, NSP-A expression was detected at much higher frequency than NSP-C. In virtually all NSP-A positive cases, this expression was associated with one or more of the other neuroendocrine markers. NSP-A expression showed a stronger correlation with conventional neuroendocrine markers than NCAM. In detecting neuroendocrine differentiation in non-SCLC, NSP-A is more sensitive than synaptophysin, chromogranin A, Leu-7, and neurofilament proteins. It is concluded that NSP-reticulons are valuable markers in the diagnosis of neuroendocrine differentiation in non-SCLC and should be used in conjunction with NCAM.
ISSN: 0022-3417
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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