Journal of Virology vol:61 issue:6 pages:2009-2016
The nucleotide sequence of the feline c-fes/fps proto-oncogene was analyzed. Comparison with v-fes and v-fps revealed that all v-fes/fps homologous sequences were dispersed over 11 kilobase pairs in 19 interspersed segments. All segments, numbered exon 1 to exon 19 as in the chicken and human loci, were flanked by consensus splice junctions. The putative promoter region contained a CATT sequence and three CCGCCC motifs which were also found in the human locus at similar positions. About 200 nucleotides downstream of a translational stop codon in exon 19, a putative poly(A) addition signal was identified. Using the putative translation initiation codon in exon 2, a 93,000-molecular-weight protein could be deduced. This protein resembled very well the putative protein of the human c-fes/fps proto-oncogene (94% overall homology) and, although less well, the putative protein of the chicken c-fes/fps proto-oncogene (70% overall homology). As far as the feline c-fes/fps proto-oncogene sequences transduced to the Gardner-Arnstein (GA) and Snyder-Theilen (ST) strains of feline sarcoma virus (FeSV) are concerned, homology in deduced amino acid sequences between the GA- and ST-v-fes viral oncogenes and the proto-oncogene was 99%. Analysis of the recombination junctions between feline leukemia virus and v-fes sequences in GA- and ST-FeSV proviral DNA revealed for the left-hand junction the involvement of homologous recombination, presumably at the DNA level. The right-hand junction, which appeared identical in the GA-FeSV and ST-FeSV genomes, could have been the result of a site-specific recombination at the RNA level.