American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:277 issue:22 pages:19855-60
NIPP1 is a ubiquitous regulator of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and is targeted to the splicing factor storage sites (speckles) in the nucleus by its forkhead-associated domain. We show here that NIPP1 is also a component of the spliceosomes in HeLa cell-splicing extracts and that the interaction with the spliceosomes requires a functional forkhead-associated domain. The in vitro splicing of beta-globin pre-mRNA was not affected by exogenous wild type NIPP1 but was blocked by mutants that lacked residues 225-329. The inhibition by these dominant negative mutants resulted from a block in a late phase of spliceosome assembly, i.e. at the transition between the B-complex and the C-complex. Site-directed mutagenesis furthermore showed that this spliceosomal function of NIPP1 was unrelated to its ability to bind PP1 or RNA. Our data suggest that NIPP1 can function independently as a splicing factor and a phosphatase regulator.