Journal of Research in Personality vol:38 issue:4 pages:367-393
A new methodology is proposed to study the full personality triad including persons, situations, and responses. It is based on a model of the structural mechanism underlying behavioral data in terms of eliciting power of situations, response thresholds, as well as quantitative and/or qualitative individual differences. The model is aimed at conceptually clarifying the personality triad and makes it possible to derive individual differences in situation-behavior profiles (or behavioral signatures) starting from empirically gathered person-by-situation-by-response data. It is particularly well-suited to capture multidimensional individual differences-implying complex person by situation and/or person by response interactions-and to examine the psychological mechanisms underlying them. In an application to anger-in and anger-out in interpersonal frustrating situations, three person types were derived that were characterized in terms of distinctive behavioral signatures. Part of the differences in behavioral signatures could be explained in terms of hostile encoding and hostile expectancy processes. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Onderzoeksgroep Kwantitatieve- en persoonlijkheidspsychologie. Afdeling Ontwikkelings- en differentiële psychologie. Laboratorium voor Persoonlijkheidspsychologie. Onderzoeksgroep Hogere cognitie en individuele verschillen.