Biochimica et Biophysica Acta vol:1105 issue:1 pages:118-24
The (Ca(2+)+Mg2+)-ATPase of the plasma membrane is activated by negatively charged phospholipids. The mechanism of this activation was investigated by studying the effect of negatively charged phospholipids on the steady-state phosphointermediate level and on the p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity. Both parameters were differentially affected by different acidic phospholipids. The level of phosphoprotein intermediate was not affected by phosphatidylserine (20% of total phospholipid), but it was increased by 60% by phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate. Phosphatidylserine increased the p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity, whereas phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate had no significant effect. It is suggested that phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate mainly affects a reaction step which leads to accelerated formation of the phosphointermediate, whereas the action of phosphatidylserine would affect two reaction steps, one upstream and one downstream of the phosphointermediate.