I.S.P.A./Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada
European Journal of Psychology of Education vol:18 pages:425-447
In the research literature several positions concerning the role played by metacognition in adaptive strategy choice can be distinguished. While many authors adhere so-called metacognitive models of strategy choice and strategy change, others have questioned the extent to which metacognitive factors are associated with strategy choice and task performance and have proposed atternative theoretical frameworks wherein strategy choices are described in terms of associative models. In the present article we report data coining from a larger research project on the development of children's numerosity judgement strategies and skills. The experimental task involved judging numerosities of colored blocks presented in a rectangular grid. Participants were 59 second
grade and 50 sixth grade children, whose strategic performance data - obtained by means of a systematic analysis of their response-time patterns — were compared with interview data collected at the end of the
experiment. The major result of this comparison is that not only the children from the oldest age group, but also the children from the youngest age group showed clear evidence of metacognitive awareness and understanding of different aspects of their strategic performance.
Afdeling Didactiek. Centrum voor Instructiepsychologie en -technologie. Leuvens Instituut voor onderwijsonderzoek (LIVO) Departement Pedagogische wetenschappen.