Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. vol:671 pages:82-91
Eukaryotic cells express one or more isoforms of a sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SERCA) and of a plasma membrane (PMCA) Ca2+ pump. Both the SERCA and PMCA gene transcripts are subject to alternative processing in a differentiation stage-dependent and tissue-dependent manner. The Ca2+ pump isoforms thus generated may present different functional properties. This is exemplified by the SERCA2a and SERCA2b isoforms which differ in their Ca2+ sensitivity. Analysis of the cDNA structures for PMCA1 predicts protein isoforms with variant calmodulin- and phospholipid-binding domains. A comparative study of the tissue-specific mechanisms governing SERCA-PMCA transcript processing and a more detailed study of the functional implication of the PMCA pumps isoform diversity will be challenging subjects for future studies.