SERCA3 ablation does not impair insulin secretion but suggests distinct roles of different sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pumps for Ca(2+) homeostasis in pancreatic beta-cells
Arredouani, Abdelilah × Guiot, Yves Jonas, Jean-Christophe Liu, Lynne H Nenquin, Myriam Pertusa, José A Rahier, Jacques Rolland, Jean-François Shull, Gary E Stevens, Martine Wuytack, Frank Henquin, Jean-Claude Gilon, Patrick #
Diabetes vol:51 issue:11 pages:3245-53
Two sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases, SERCA3 and SERCA2b, are expressed in pancreatic islets. Immunocytochemistry showed that SERCA3 is restricted to beta-cells in the mouse pancreas. Control and SERCA3-deficient mice were used to evaluate the role of SERCA3 in beta-cell cytosolic-free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) regulation, insulin secretion, and glucose homeostasis. Basal [Ca(2+)](c) was not increased by SERCA3 ablation. Stimulation with glucose induced a transient drop in basal [Ca(2+)](c) that was suppressed by inhibition of all SERCAs with thapsigargin (TG) but unaffected by selective SERCA3 ablation. Ca(2+) mobilization by acetylcholine was normal in SERCA3-deficient beta-cells. In contrast, [Ca(2+)](c) oscillations resulting from intermittent glucose-stimulated Ca(2+) influx and [Ca(2+)](c) transients induced by pulses of high K(+) were similarly affected by SERCA3 ablation or TG pretreatment of control islets; their amplitude was increased and their slow descending phase suppressed. This suggests that, during the decay of each oscillation, the endoplasmic reticulum releases Ca(2+) that was pumped by SERCA3 during the upstroke phase. SERCA3 ablation increased the insulin response of islets to 15 mmol/l glucose. However, basal and postprandial plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in SERCA3-deficient mice were normal. In conclusion, SERCA2b, but not SERCA3, is involved in basal [Ca(2+)](c) regulation in beta-cells. SERCA3 becomes operative when [Ca(2+)](c) rises and is required for normal [Ca(2+)](c) oscillations in response to glucose. However, a lack of SERCA3 is insufficient in itself to alter glucose homeostasis or impair insulin secretion in mice.