Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:279 issue:2 pages:438-444
Plasmodial fragmin, a Physarum polycephalum F-actin severing and capping protein, is phosphorylated by casein kinase II at Ser(266) (De Corte, V., Gettemans, J., De Ville, Y., Waelkens, E., and Vandekerckchove, J. (1996), Biochemistry 35, 5472-5480). In this study, we report the purification and characterization of the corresponding fragmin phosphatases. One of the enzymes was purified to near homogeneity from a cytosolic extract; it dephosphorylates CKII-phosphorylated fragmin, a peptide encompassing the CKII phosphorylation site of fragmin as well as histone 2A, CKII-phosphorylated casein and the CKII model-peptide substrate: R(3)E(3)S(P)E(3). Its activity was highly stimulated by Mn(2+) and Mg(2+), and based on its lack of sensitivity toward phosphatase effectors we could exclude similarities with PP1, PP2A and PP2B phosphatases. All biochemical properties of the phosphatase point to a PP2C-like enzyme. A second phosphatase dephosphorylating fragmin was identified as a Physarum alkaline phosphatase.