Bcl-2-dependent modulation of swelling-activated Cl- current and ClC-3 expression in human prostate cancer epithelial cells
Lemonnier, Loïc × Shuba, Yaroslav Crepin, Alexandre Roudbaraki, Morad Slomianny, Christian Mauroy, Brigitte Nilius, Bernd Prevarskaya, Natalia Skryma, Roman #
Cancer Research vol:64 issue:14 pages:4841-8
Cell shrinkage is an integral part of apoptosis. However, intimate mechanisms linking apoptotic events to the alterations in cell volume homeostasis remain poorly elucidated. We investigated how overexpression of Bcl-2 oncoprotein, a key antiapoptotic regulator, in lymph node carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP) prostate cancer epithelial cells interferes with the volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC), a major determinant of regulatory volume decrease. Bcl-2 overexpression resulted in the doubling of VRAC-carried swelling-activated Cl(-) current (I(Cl,swell)) and weakened I(Cl,swell) inhibition by store-operated Ca(2+) channel (SOC)-transported Ca(2+). This also was accompanied by substantial up-regulation of ClC-3 protein, a putative molecular candidate for the role of VRAC. ClC-3-specific antibody suppressed I(Cl,swell) in the wild-type and Bcl-2-overexpressing LNCaP cells. Epidermal growth factor treatment of wild-type LNCaP cells, promoting their proliferation, resulted in the enhancement of endogenous Bcl-2 expression and associated increases in ClC-3 levels and I(Cl,swell) magnitude. We conclude that Bcl-2-induced up-regulation of I(Cl,swell), caused by enhanced expression of ClC-3 and weaker negative control from SOC-transported Ca(2+), would strengthen the ability of the cells to handle proliferative volume increases and thereby promote their survival and diminish their proapoptotic potential.