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Title: Relation between disease phenotype and HLA-DQ genotype in diabetic patients diagnosed in early adulthood
Authors: Weets, Ilse ×
Siraux, Valerie
Daubresse, Jean-Claude
De Leeuw, Ivo H
Féry, Francoise
Keymeulen, Bart
Krzentowski, Georges
Letiexhe, Michel
Mathieu, Chantal
Nobels, Frank
Rottiers, Raoul
Scheen, André
Van Gaal, Luc
Schuit, Frans
Van der Auwera, Bart
Rui, Mao
De Pauw, Pieter
Kaufman, Leonard
Gorus, Frans K #
Issue Date: Jun-2002
Series Title: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism vol:87 issue:6 pages:2597-605
Abstract: We investigated inaugural disease phenotype in relation to the presence or absence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ risk genotypes in adult-onset diabetic patients. Blood samples and questionnaires were obtained from 1584 recent-onset Belgian Caucasian patients (age 15-39 yr at diagnosis of primary diabetes) who were recruited by the Belgian Diabetes Registry over an 11-yr period. At clinical diagnosis, antibody-positive patients (n = 1198) were on average younger and had more symptoms, a more acute disease onset, lower body mass index, and random C-peptide levels, but higher insulin needs, glycemia, and prevalence of ketonuria, HLA-DQ, and 5' insulin gene susceptibility genotypes (P < 0.001 vs. antibody-negative patients; n = 386). In antibody-positive patients, these characteristics did not differ according to HLA-DQ genotype. However, in antibody-negative subjects, we found that patients were younger (P = 0.001); had a lower body mass index (P < 0.001), higher insulin needs (P = 0.014), and amylasemia (P = 0.001); and tended to have a higher glycemia and lower C-peptide in the presence of susceptible HLA-DQ genotypes. Differences according to HLA-DQ genotype subsisted after careful age-matching. In conclusion, we found no relation between initial disease phenotype and HLA-DQ genotype in antibody-positive diabetic young adults. In contrast, antibody-negative patients displayed more type 1-like features when carrying susceptible HLA-DQ genotypes known to promote the development of antibody-positive diabetes. The overrepresentation of these susceptibility genotypes in antibody-negative patients suggests the existence of an immune-mediated disease process with as yet unidentified immune markers in a subgroup of seronegative patients.
URI: 
ISSN: 0021-972X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Gene Expression Unit
Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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