Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:267 issue:22 pages:15808-15
The role of the sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCA) in the regulation of cell proliferation by Ca2+ was investigated by testing the effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on cultured pig aorta smooth muscle cells. For this purpose, the PDGF-mediated rise in the Ca2+ concentration was first examined for its ability to induce the formation of prostaglandins from the specific membrane enzyme, cyclooxygenase. In parallel experiments, similar conditions (10 ng/ml PDGF for 24 h) were used to investigate the smooth muscle cell membrane SERCA2 isoforms. Total SERCA2 activity rose by 472% as reflected by their specific formation of phosphorylated intermediate (E approximately P). This rise correlated with an increase in the amount of SERCA2 proteins (100 kDa) as shown by Western blotting. With isoform-specific anti-SERCA2-a and anti-SERCA2-b antibodies, we demonstrated that the increase in total SERCA2 proteins concerned the minor isoform SERCA2-a, which rose 10-fold, whereas SERCA2-b proteins were not affected. Lastly, Northern blotting using riboprobes showed that PDGF treatment increased the SERCA2-a mRNA species by 82%, and concomitantly decreased the SERCA2-b mRNA by 28%, as a result of isoform switching. We conclude that up-regulation of the SERCA2-type Ca(2+)-ATPases occurs in PDGF-treated smooth muscle cells, which suggests that this enzymatic system plays an essential part in cell proliferation.