Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:139 issue:3 pages:1033-9
Glycogen synthase a from skeletal muscle was phosphorylated in vitro and then used as substrate for the two major synthase phosphatases from liver. Synthase phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (1.4-1.7 P/subunit) was preferentially activated by the cytosolic S-component; in contrast, progressive phosphorylation by casein kinase-1 (0.9-6.5 P/subunit) yielded substrates that were always better dephosphorylated and activated by the glycogen-bound G-component. We have previously isolated from dog liver several types of synthase b that differ by their need for the S- and/or G-component for prompt activation. After additional phosphorylation by a mixture of synthase kinases the activation of these enzyme preparations required the presence of both components.