Biochimica et Biophysica Acta vol:990 issue:1 pages:40-4
The specific activity of the Mg2+-ATPase and the (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase has been measured in a microsomal fraction from pig antral smooth muscle with the phosphate-release assay and the NADH-coupled enzyme assay, and the release of inorganic phosphate as a function of time is compared with the concomitant production of ADP. Both assays are found to overestimate the true Mg2+-ATPase activity. The adenylate kinase inhibitor P1,P5-di(adenosine-5'-)pentaphosphate (Ap5A) reduces the specific activity of the Mg2+-ATPase measured in the NADH-coupled enzyme assay to about half of its original value; however, it does not affect the specific activity of the Mg2+-ATPase in the Pi-release assay. The considerable overestimation of the Mg2+-ATPase activity in the NADH-coupled enzyme assay results from a combined action of an ATP pyrophosphatase (ATP in equilibrium AMP + PPi) and adenylate kinase activity contaminating the microsomes. The adenylate kinase activity in the microsomes catalyses the conversion of AMP formed by the ATP pyrophosphatase together with ATP into two ADP's. Also the phosphate-release assay is prone to an overestimation artefact because an inorganic pyrophosphatase will degrade the pyrophosphate and thus lead to additional Pi-production. Measurements of AMP and NAD+ production by HPLC confirmed our proposed reaction scheme. The same (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase activity is found in both assays, because the (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase activity is calculated from the difference in ATPase activity in the presence and absence of Ca2+, so that as a consequence the interfering activities are automatically subtracted.