The Journal of surgical research. vol:49 issue:2 pages:157-63
The alterations of several small-intestinal mucosal enzymes have been examined in cats that underwent different periods (1-4 hr) of occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by 4 hr of reperfusion. The damage progressed during ischemia and reperfusion from the villus tips to the crypts: first, there was a rapid decrease in the activity of maltase, a brush-border enzyme; a slower decline occurred in two cytoplasmic enzymes, aldolase A (with preferential location in feline villus cells) and lactate dehydrogenase (with an ubiquitous distribution); a lag preceded the decrease in aldolase B (a cytoplasmic enzyme shown to occur mainly in feline crypt cells). For all these enzymes, the initial period of reperfusion was associated with a greater decrease in enzyme activity than persisting ischemia. By determination of the unsedimentable proportion of glutamate dehydrogenase (a mitochondrial matrix enzyme) and of acid phosphatase (a lysosomal enzyme) it was demonstrated that ischemia caused important mitochondrial damage before the cells were lost, whereas no lysosomal damage was observed in any condition. These sensitive parameters of cell damage can serve as a criterion for an adequate evaluation of potential cytoprotective agents.