The Biochemical journal. vol:240 issue:1 pages:63-7
Protein kinase C can autophosphorylate in vitro and has also been shown to be phosphorylated in vivo. In order to investigate the factors that may determine the phosphorylation state of protein kinase C in vivo, we determined the ability of the ATP + Mg2+-dependent phosphatase and the polycation-stimulated (PCS) phosphatases to dephosphorylate protein kinase C in vitro. These studies show that all the oligomeric forms of the PCS phosphatases (PCSH1, PCSH2, PCSM and PCSL phosphatases) are effective in the dephosphorylation of protein kinase C, showing 34-82% of the activity displayed with phosphorylase a as substrate. In contrast both the catalytic subunit of the PCS phosphatase and that of the ATP+Mg2+-dependent phosphatase showed only weak activity with protein kinase C as substrate. All these phosphatases, however, were activated by protamine (Ka 14-16 micrograms/ml) through what appears to be a substrate-directed effect. The relative role of these phosphatases in the control of protein kinase C is discussed.