Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:266 issue:11 pages:7092-5
We have studied the expression of the gene 2 for the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump (SERCA2) in BC3H1 cells. Myogenic differentiation not only activated the SERCA2 expression but it also induced an isoform switch. Undifferentiated myoblasts only expressed the SERCA2b isoform (non-muscle) whereas differentiated myocytes predominantly contained the SERCA2a isoform (cardiac/slow skeletal muscle). The isoform switch was documented by immunoblot analysis with isoform-specific antibodies. This observation was confirmed at the mRNA level by using antisense RNA probes specific for class 1 (SERCA2a) or class 2 (SERCA2b) messengers. The expression of the SERCA2a isoform after differentiation was accompanied by a decreased sensitivity of the Ca2+ uptake in permeabilized cells to the Ca2+ pump inhibitor thapsigargin.