The American journal of physiology. vol:263 issue:1 Pt 1 pages:C166-71
The effect of the diterpene, forskolin, on pathways for conductive Cl- transport was analyzed using isolated skins of Bufo viridis. Forskolin did not stimulate the voltage-activated Cl- movement from mucosa to serosa; the Lorentzian component in the power density spectrum, which was present at serosa positive clamp potentials under control conditions, decreased significantly. The observation that stimulation of cytosolic adenosine 3'-5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) by forskolin has no effect on the voltage-activated Cl- transport argues against control of this pathway by cAMP. Our data further demonstrate that the forskolin-activated Cl- conductive pathway is also permeable for NO3-. This pathway was studied in absence of mucosal Cl-, which eliminates Cl- movement through the voltage-activated pathway. With SO4(2-) and Cl- on the mucosal and serosal sides, respectively, this forskolin-induced pathway displayed a linear current-voltage relationship. The associated Lorentzians increased at serosa negative clamp potentials. Transepithelial current and plateau value of the Lorentzian were related by a quadratic function, which suggests voltage-independence of number and open-close probability of these conductance sites. Morphological sites for voltage-activated and forskolin-induced conductive Cl- transport remain to be identified.