Journal of cellular physiology. vol:141 issue:3 pages:483-9
Two clones (LD3 and LC3) were isolated from the established renal cell line LLC-PK1. They differed with respect to the development of the Na+-dependent alpha-methyl-D-glucoside (AMG) uptake. The higher uptake capacity in LD3 as compared to LC3 was owing to the expression of a higher number of carrier molecules as was shown by the specific phlorizin binding. The intracellular cyclic AMP level, the D-glucose concentration in the growth medium and the cell density could be excluded as the causes of the difference between both clones. We found that the faster development of the Na+-dependent hexose carrier in LD3 was parallelled by a faster expression of trehalase in this clone. This suggests that the expression of both apical proteins is correlated. From the growth curves it was concluded that renewal of the undifferentiated population was roughly the same in both clones. The recruitment of cells from the undifferentiated to the growth arrested state seems also very similar as was deduced from the development of tight junctions and from the down-regulation of the alpha-methylaminoisobutyric acid (meAIB) uptake. The start of differentiation was identical as was shown by the similar rate of expression found for gamma-glutamyl transferase. The difference between both clones is most likely situated at the traverse to a fully differentiated cell. This process takes more time in LC3 than in LD3. Also the fully differentiated state seemed to be different in both clones. We conclude that the pattern of differentiated characteristics found in both clones is different and a model incorporating these differences is presented.