Journal of Neurochemistry vol:72 issue:2 pages:826-34
The presence of a nucleotide pyrophosphatase (EC 22.214.171.124) on the plasma membrane of rat C6 glioma has been demonstrated by analysis of the hydrolysis of ATP labeled in the base and in the alpha- and gamma-phosphates. The enzyme degraded ATP into AMP and PPi and, depending on the ATP concentration, accounted for approximately 50-75% of the extracellular degradation of ATP. The association of the enzyme with the plasma membrane was confirmed by ATP hydrolysis in the presence of a varying concentration of pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid (PPADS), a membrane-impermeable inhibitor of the enzyme. PPADS concentration above 20 microM abolished the degradation of ATP into AMP and PPi. The nucleotide pyrophosphatase has an alkaline pH optimum and a Km for ATP of 17 +/- 5 microM. The enzyme has a broad substrate specificity and hydrolyzes nucleoside triphosphates, nucleoside diphosphates, dinucleoside polyphosphates, and nucleoside monophosphate esters but is inhibited by nucleoside monophosphates, adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate, and PPADS. The substrate specificity characterizes the enzyme as a nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase I (PD-I). Immunoblotting and autoadenylylation identified the enzyme as a plasma cell differentiation antigen-related protein. Hydrolysis of ATP terminates the autophosphorylation of a nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK/nm23) detected in the conditioned medium of C6 cultures. A function of the pyrophosphatase/PD-I and NDPK in the purinergic and pyrimidinergic signal transduction in C6 is discussed.