Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. vol:232 issue:1 pages:111-7
Rabbit skeletal muscle glycogen synthase was phosphorylated by kinase Fa, phosphorylase kinase, and cAMP-independent synthase (casein) kinase-1 to determine the differences among these kinase-catalyzed reactions. The stoichiometry of phosphate incorporation, the extent of inactivation, and the sites of phosphorylation were compared. Synthase (casein) kinase-1 catalyzes the highest level of synthase phosphorylation (4 mol/subunit) and inactivation (reduction of the activity ratio to below 0.05). The sites, defined by characteristic tryptic peptides, phosphorylated by synthase (casein) kinase-1 are distinguishable from those by kinase Fa and phosphorylase kinase. In addition, synthase (casein) kinase-1, unlike kinase Fa, does not activate ATP X Mg2+-dependent protein phosphatase. These results demonstrate that synthase (casein) kinase-1 is a distinct glycogen synthase kinase.