Title: Inhibition and rapid recovery of Ca2+ current during Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum in guinea pig ventricular myocytes
Authors: Sipido, Karin ×
Callewaert, Geert
Carmeliet, Edward #
Issue Date: Jan-1995
Series Title: Circulation Research vol:76 issue:1 pages:102-9
Abstract: We have investigated the modulation of the L-type Ca2+ channel by Ca2+ released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in single guinea pig ventricular myocytes under whole-cell voltage clamp. [Ca2+]i was monitored by fura 2. By use of impermeant monovalent cations in intracellular and extracellular solutions, the current through Na+ channels, K+ channels, nonspecific cation channels, and the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger was effectively blocked. By altering the amount of Ca2+ loading of the SR, the time course of the Ca2+ current (ICa) could be studied during various amplitudes of Ca2+ release. In the presence of a large Ca2+ release, fast inhibition of ICa occurred, whereas on relaxation of [Ca2+]i, fast recovery was observed. The time course of this transient inhibition of ICa reflected the time course of [Ca2+]i. However, the inhibition seen in the first 50 ms, ie, the time of net Ca2+ release from the SR, exceeded the inhibition observed later during the pulse, suggesting the existence of a higher [Ca2+] near the channel during this time. Transient inhibition of ICa during Ca2+ release was observed to a similar degree at all potentials. It could still be observed in the presence of intracellular ATP-gamma-S and of cAMP. Therefore, we conclude that the modulation of ICa by Ca2+ release from the SR is not related to dephosphorylation. It could be related to a reduction in the driving force and to a direct inhibition of the channel by [Ca2+]i. The observation that the degree of inhibition does not depend on membrane potential suggests that the Ca2+ binding site for this modulation is located outside the pore.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0009-7330
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Physiology Section (-)
Experimental Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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