Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
European Journal of Biochemistry vol:144 issue:1 pages:57-63
We have investigated the nature of the decrease in synthase phosphatase activity which occurs progressively in the livers of adrenalectomized rats that are starved for 48h. No evidence could be found for the accumulation of an inhibitor. Addition of the heat-stable deinhibitor protein, which antagonizes the effects of thermostable inhibitor proteins (inhibitor-1 and modulator), did not affect the activity of synthase phosphatase in gel-filtered liver extracts from normal or adrenalectomized starved rats; it did, however, increase the activity of phosphorylase phosphatase about fivefold in either condition. The restoration of synthase phosphatase activity by cortisol in vivo was prevented by actinomycin D. Further evidence concerning the nature of the missing protein came from a comparison of synthase phosphatase activities in liver homogenates from control and adrenalectomized starved rats, with the use of three distinct synthase b substrates. The apparent loss of synthase phosphatase activity in the deficient homogenates varied between 30% and 90% according to the type of substrate. The magnitude of this decrease corresponds to the degree of dependence of these substrates on the G-component of synthase phosphatase for efficient conversion to the alpha-form. No G-component could be isolated from livers of adrenalectomized starved rats. Cross-combination of subcellular fractions from control and deficient livers revealed an almost total loss of G-component, with little loss of S-component. This specific loss of functional G-component is identical to the deficiency previously observed in the livers of rats with severe chronic alloxan-diabetes.