Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology. vol:438 issue:2 pages:154-8
The type-3 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor, in contrast to the type-1 IP3 receptor (IP3R), is not stimulated by sulfhydryl oxidation and is less sensitive to adenosine 5'-triphosphate. In the present study we compared the effect of pH on the Ca2+ release induced by IP3 and cytosolic Ca2+ between IP3R3-expressing 16HBE14o- cells and IP3R1-expressing A7r5 cells. Changing pH from 6.8 to 7.5 decreased the IP3 concentration required for half-maximal stimulation of IP3R3 (EC50) 10.7-fold (from 2.14 to 0.20 microM). Similar alkalinization decreased the IP3 concentration (EC50) for stimulation of IP3R1 only 2.5-fold (from 0.87 to 0.35 microM). IP3R1 is therefore the more sensitive isoform at pH 6.8, while IP3R3 is more sensitive at pH 7.5. Stimulation and inhibition of IP3R1 and -3 by low and high cytosolic [Ca2+] respectively was observed at both pH 6.8 and 7.5. Increasing [H+] shifted the Ca2+-activation curve of IP3R1 towards higher [Ca2+] but did not affect the Ca2+ dependence of IP3R3. We conclude that IP3R1 and -3 differ markedly in their response to protons.