American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology vol:291 issue:4 pages:C627-35
The Mg(2+)-inhibited cation (MIC) current (I(MIC)) in cardiac myocytes biophysically resembles currents of heterologously expressed transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, particularly TRPM6 and TRPM7, known to be important in Mg(2+) homeostasis. To understand the regulation of MIC channels in cardiac cells, we used the whole cell voltage-clamp technique to investigate the role of intracellular ATP in pig, rat, and guinea pig isolated ventricular myocytes. I(MIC), studied in the presence or absence of extracellular divalent cations, was sustained for >or=50 min after patch rupture in ATP-dialyzed cells, whereas in ATP-depleted cells I(MIC) exhibited complete rundown. Equimolar substitution of internal ATP by its nonhydrolyzable analog adenosine 5'-(beta,gamma-imido)triphosphate failed to prevent rundown. In ATP-depleted cells, inhibition of lipid phosphatases by fluoride + vanadate + pyrophosphate prevented I(MIC) rundown. In contrast, under similar conditions neither the inhibition of protein phosphatases 1, 2A, 2B or of protein tyrosine phosphatase nor the activation of protein kinase A (forskolin, 20 microM) or protein kinase C (phorbol myristate acetate, 100 nM) could prevent rundown. In ATP-loaded cells, depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) by prevention of its resynthesis (10 microM wortmannin or 15 microM phenylarsine oxide) induced rundown of I(MIC). Finally, loading ATP-depleted cells with exogenous PIP(2) (10 microM) prevented rundown. These results suggest that PIP(2), likely generated by ATP-utilizing lipid kinases, is necessary for maintaining cardiac MIC channel activity.