Acta biologica et medica Germanica. vol:37 issue:3 pages:453-62
A mathematical model of pre- and postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fiber excitation transfer is developed. This model gives a measure Q of acetylcholine (ACh) release from presynaptic preganglionic boutons and postganglionic varicosities. When increasing Ca++ the measure Q increases too. Na-ions exert a competitive inhibition. The relationship between Q and the Ca/Na2-quotient is a hyperbolic one. Mn++ inhibits the release of ACh non-competitively. Q increases both by excess potassium and Cs+ depolarization. The ACh release is diminished by Mg++. Ba++ cannot replace the effect of Ca++ on ACh release in Ca++ depleting conditions. Q increases with decreasing pH-level. The ACh release is not significantly influenced by increasing pH, Verapamil (4 mg/l), prostaglandins E2 and F2alpha (20 ng/ml) and substitution of nonpermeable anions for Cl-.