Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology. vol:389 issue:2 pages:105-13
The electrical impedance of Necturus gallbladder epithelium was analysed in the frequency range 0.24 Hz to 6,323 Hz. Under control conditions (NaCl-Ringer's on both sides), the impedance function yields a semicircle with depressed center. When serosal Na+ was replaced by K+, an inductive low frequency (LF) component appeared in the impedance locus. With KCl-Ringer on the mucosal side a second circular arc was observed at frequencies below 1 Hz. The resistive parts of the capacitive and inductive LF components increased after application of TAP+ to the mucosal side. Both LF features were abolished after application of 5 mM TEA+ to the mucosal medium as well as after acidification of the mucosal side. The LF components were depressed by addition of 5 mM Ba2+ to the mucosal solution. As TEA+ blocks apical K+ channels (Van Driessche and Gögelein 1978), it is concluded that the capacitive as well as the inductive LF components are related to transcellular K+ flow. With KCl-Ringer on the mucosal side, mucosa negative potentials increased the equivalent resistance and decreased the equivalent capacitance of the LF impedance. With serosal KCl-Ringer, negative potentials evoked a capacitive component which overlapped with the inductive component observed at open circuit conditions. Positive potentials, however, abolished the capacitive as well as the inductive LF component, elicited by mucosal or serosal KCl-Ringer, respectively. These results demonstrate that serosa to mucosa directed K+ flow causes an inductive LF feature and that mucosa negative potentials elicit a capacitive LF component.