Stimulation of growth hormone release by vasoactive intestinal peptide and peptide PHI in rat anterior pituitary reaggregates. Permissive action of a glucocorticoid and inhibition by thyrotropin-releasing hormone
In superfused rat anterior pituitary cell reaggregates, cultured for 5 days in serum-free defined medium, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) concentration-dependently stimulated prolactin (Prl) release but had only a marginal effect on growth hormone (GH) release. When reaggregates were cultured in the presence of 80 nM dexamethasone (Dex) VIP strongly stimulated GH release from a concentration as low as 0.1 nM. VIP did not stimulate LH release. Peptide PHI also stimulated GH release but thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or angiotensin II did not. In fact, TRH slightly but transiently inhibited basal GH release and strongly inhibited VIP-stimulated GH release. GH-releasing factor (GRF) stimulated GH more potently and with higher intrinsic activity than VIP but GRF did not increase Prl release. The present data indicate that under defined hormonal conditions VIP and PHI are capable of stimulating GH release and that TRH can antagonize this effect by a direct action on the pituitary.