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Title: Organization and alternate splice products of the gene encoding nuclear inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 (NIPP-1)
Authors: Van Eynde, Aleyde ×
Pérez-Callejón, E
Schoenmakers, Erik
Jacquemin, Marc
Stalmans, Willy
Bollen, Mathieu #
Issue Date: Apr-1999
Publisher: Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
Series Title: European Journal of Biochemistry vol:261 issue:1 pages:291-300
Abstract: Nuclear inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 (NIPP-1) is one of two major regulatory subunits of protein phosphatase-1 in mammalian nuclei. We report here the cloning and structural characterization of the human NIPP-1 genes, designated PPP1R8P and PPP1R8 in human gene nomenclature. PPP1R8P (1.2 kb) is a processed pseudogene and was localized by in situ hybridization to chromosome 1p33-32. PPP1R8 is an authentic NIPP-1 gene and was localized to chromosome 1p35. PPP1R8 (25.2 kb) is composed of seven exons and encodes four different transcripts, as determined from cDNA library screening, reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) and/or EST (expressed sequence tag) database search analysis. NIPP-1alpha mRNA represents the major transcript in human tissues and various cell lines, and encodes a polypeptide of 351 residues that only differs from the previously cloned calf thymus NIPP-1 by a single residue. The other transcripts, termed NIPP-1beta, gamma and delta, are generated by alternative 5'-splice site usage, by exon skipping and/or by alternative polyadenylation. The NIPP-1beta/delta and NIPP-1gamma mRNAs are expected to encode fragments of NIPP-1alpha that differ from the latter by the absence of the first 142 and 224 residues, respectively. NIPP-1gamma corresponds to 'activator of RNA decay-1' (Ard-1) which, unlike NIPP-1alpha, displays in vitro and endoribonuclease activity and lacks an RVXF consensus motif for interaction with protein phosphatase-1. While the NIPP-1alpha/beta/delta-transcripts were found to be present in various human tissues, the NIPP-1gamma transcript could only be detected in human transformed B-lymphocytes.
ISSN: 0014-2956
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biochemistry Section (Medicine) (-)
Molecular and Vascular Biology
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine - miscellaneous
Laboratory of Biosignaling & Therapeutics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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