Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
European Journal of Biochemistry vol:217 issue:3 pages:1083-9
The activation of hepatic glycogen synthase by the amino-acid-induced cell swelling has been attributed to the stimulation of [glycogen-synthase]-phosphatase resulting from an increase in the intracellular content in glutamate and aspartate, and a decrease in intracellular Cl-, which is a compensatory response to cell swelling [Meijer, A. J., Baquet, A., Gustafson, L., van Woerkom, G. M. & Hue, L. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 5823-5828]. Here we studied whether the activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by cell swelling could be explained by the same mechanism. The activation of endogenous or purified acetyl-CoA carboxylase was measured in gel-filtered liver extracts or cytosols. No activation could be observed under basal conditions but a fivefold stimulation was obtained with concentrations of glutamate (20-25 mM) found in hepatocytes incubated with glutamine. A similar stimulation was also observed with other dicarboxylic acids such as malonate and succinate, or with metal ions like Mg2+, Ca2+ and Mn2+ (10 mM). The addition of 50-100 mM Cl- was found to inhibit the activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by some 20-30%. Mg2+ was also found to stimulate the activation of the endogenous glycogen synthase. The glutamate-stimulated and Mg(2+)-stimulated activation of glycogen synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase was unaffected by 10 microM inhibitor-2, a specific inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1, but could be nearly completely blocked by the phosphatase inhibitor microcystin-LR. Our data suggest that the amino-acid-induced activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and glycogen synthase in the liver occurs by a common ionic mechanism.