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Title: Mechanism of activation of liver acetyl-CoA carboxylase by cell swelling
Authors: Baquet, A ×
Gaussin, V
Bollen, Mathieu
Stalmans, Willy
HUE, L. #
Issue Date: Dec-1993
Publisher: Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
Series Title: European Journal of Biochemistry vol:217 issue:3 pages:1083-9
Abstract: The activation of hepatic glycogen synthase by the amino-acid-induced cell swelling has been attributed to the stimulation of [glycogen-synthase]-phosphatase resulting from an increase in the intracellular content in glutamate and aspartate, and a decrease in intracellular Cl-, which is a compensatory response to cell swelling [Meijer, A. J., Baquet, A., Gustafson, L., van Woerkom, G. M. & Hue, L. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 5823-5828]. Here we studied whether the activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by cell swelling could be explained by the same mechanism. The activation of endogenous or purified acetyl-CoA carboxylase was measured in gel-filtered liver extracts or cytosols. No activation could be observed under basal conditions but a fivefold stimulation was obtained with concentrations of glutamate (20-25 mM) found in hepatocytes incubated with glutamine. A similar stimulation was also observed with other dicarboxylic acids such as malonate and succinate, or with metal ions like Mg2+, Ca2+ and Mn2+ (10 mM). The addition of 50-100 mM Cl- was found to inhibit the activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by some 20-30%. Mg2+ was also found to stimulate the activation of the endogenous glycogen synthase. The glutamate-stimulated and Mg(2+)-stimulated activation of glycogen synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase was unaffected by 10 microM inhibitor-2, a specific inhibitory protein of protein phosphatase-1, but could be nearly completely blocked by the phosphatase inhibitor microcystin-LR. Our data suggest that the amino-acid-induced activation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and glycogen synthase in the liver occurs by a common ionic mechanism.
ISSN: 0014-2956
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biochemistry Section (Medicine) (-)
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine - miscellaneous
Laboratory of Biosignaling & Therapeutics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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