Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology. vol:434 issue:1 pages:11-8
The effects of insulin on the Na+-K+-ATPase pump of the basolateral membrane of tight epithelia were evaluated by measuring transepithelial transport and [3H]ouabain binding in cultured A6 kidney cells. [3H]Ouabain binding in epithelia incubated in either K+-containing or K+-free solutions was measured. Insulin induced increases in transepithelial sodium transport, as measured by the short-circuit current (Isc), and in the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding determined when the preparation was bathed in K+-containing solutions. However, when initial [3H]ouabain binding in tissues incubated in K+-free solutions was measured the stimulation of the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding caused by insulin was markedly reduced. Incubating the apical side of the epithelium with either amiloride or Na+-free solutions also reduced or abolished the increase in the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding caused by insulin. Equilibrium binding measurements showed that insulin did not increase the maximum number of [3H]ouabain-binding sites in tissues incubated with either normal K+ or K+-free solutions. These results indicate that the increase in the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding under transporting conditions is due to an effect on the binding kinetics of ouabain, probably related to an increased rate of Na+ entry, rather than to an increase in the number of Na+-K+-ATPases in the basolateral membrane. Cycloheximide inhibited both the increase in Isc and the increase in the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding caused by insulin in epithelia incubated in K+-containing solutions. However, cycloheximide was without effect on the initial rate of [3H]ouabain binding in insulin-treated tissues incubated in K+-free solution. This finding suggests that the cycloheximide-sensitive step of the action of insulin is related to Na+ delivery to the pump.