In superfused anterior pituitary cell aggregates, prolactin release is stimulated by angiotensin II (AII) in a concentration-dependent fashion between 0.1 and 10 nM. When studied in aggregates prepared from pituitary cell populations separated according to size by unit gravity sedimentation, the PRL response to AII was weak in a population enriched in lactotrophs but deprived of gonadotrophs. In other separated populations, the response increased with the proportional number of gonadotrophs. The response also increased when lactotrophs were co-aggregated with an enriched population of gonadotrophs. It is proposed that the PRL response to AII is augmented by an intercellular messenger system presumably operating between gonadotrophs and lactotrophs.